Have you ever wanted to type in Egyptian hieroglyphs? Today we've released a keyboard which will let you do just that. Christian Casey's Unicode Hieroglyphic keyboard allows you to type Ancient Egyptian on the web and in any application with full Unicode support.
Ancient Egyptian hieroglyphs have a history of use spanning some 4,000 years, from the late Roman empire back to the 3rd millennium BC, which means they share the distinction with Sumerian cuneiform of being older than any other known writing system. For most of their long history, hieroglyphs were usually used for monumental writing and inscriptions. They could be written left-to-right (like English), right-to-left (like Hebrew), or top-to-bottom (like Mongolian), with reading direction indicated by the direction of the faces (you read into the faces, as if conversing with them).
The Ancient Egyptians used hieroglyphs somewhat similarly to modern Japanese. Some signs indicate sounds (like for the 'ch' in loch), some signs indicate entire words (like for 'flamingo'), some signs explain the reading of other signs (like to mark a word feminine), and most signs can be read in more than one way. In an effort to make writing aesthetically more beautiful and reading clearer(!), scribes would combine and repeat sound, word, and marker signs to create redundancies when making a word. For example, the word 'birds' can be written , which is made up of the signs for the sounds in the word birds ( = ꜣpdw), together with the marker for bird ( ) and the marker for plural (). Attractive? Yes. Efficient? Maybe not.
Designing a method to type Ancient Egyptian on computers is no easy task, made all the harder by the fact that the Unicode standard didn't admit hieroglyphs until October 2010, in version 6.0. Because of the size and scope of the task, until now the two primary ways to work with hieroglyphs on computers were a) as images or b) in dedicated hieroglyphic text-editors. There was no easy way to type hieroglyphs in, say, an email, a website, a Word document, an Excel spreadsheet, or an Adobe document. The new Hieroglyphic keyboard fills that gap. It allows you to type hundreds of hieroglyphs in all of those situations and more.
The Hieroglyphic keyboard allows you to type Ancient Egyptian in three ways:
- Transliteration using the Manuel de Codage standard
- Hieroglyphs using the Manuel de Codage standard
- Hieroglyphs using Gardiner's Sign List numbers
The keyboard automatically types in transliteration using the Manuel de Codage (MdC) standard transliteration system. Then, the keyboard converts transliteration to hieroglyphs each time you press spacebar. Pressing spacebar repeatedly cycles through signs which sound the same. Pressing ctrl+spacebar lets you output a space or stop transliteration from becomming hieroglyphs.
You can also output hieroglyphs with this keyboard using their Gardiner number. The Gardiner numbers come from a comprehensive set of sign lists generated in the early part of the last century by the eminent British egyptologist, Sir Alan Gardiner. Together with the MdC method, the Gardiner numbers make it easy to quickly access hundreds of standard hieroglyphs.
Try it Out
Download the new Hieroglyphics keyboard for Keyman Desktop on Microsoft Windows.
You can type Egyptian Hieroglyphics directly into your web browser, no download required, at our KeymanWeb Egyptian Hieroglyphic Online Keyboard page. You can even embed this into your own website!